Bruce Gregory's Reading List Educational Recources

Public Diplomacy, Books, Articles, Websites #22 8/11/2005

  • International Communication & Conflict, American Political Science Association Pre-conference, August 31, 2005. Presentations will focus on issues relating to media and security, public diplomacy, war, and propaganda. The Pre-conference is co-sponsored by APSA's Political Communication Division, George Washington University's School of Media and Public Affairs, and Georgetown University's Graduate Program in Communication, Culture and Technology. Co-chairs are Scott Althaus (UIUC), Steven Livingston (GWU), and Diana Owen (GU). There is no fee, and APSA membership is not required. The program will consist of panels in the morning at Georgetown University and panels in the afternoon at George Washington University. Register online.
  • Martha Bayles. "Goodwill Hunting," Wilson Quarterly, Summer 2005, pp. 46-56. Boston College writer and teacher Bayles deplores the decline of U.S. cultural diplomacy (identified as "a dimension of public diplomacy"), provides a brief history of cultural diplomacy's early 20th century philanthropic antecedents and government funded activities from World War I to the Cold War, discusses ambiguities in American pop culture's impact abroad, and suggests new components for U.S. government sponsored cultural diplomacy focused on engaging Arabs and Muslims. (Courtesy of Mary Ann Gamble)
  • Steve Coll and Susan B. Glasser. "Terrorists Turn to the Web as Base of Operations," Washington Post, August 7, 2005. In the first of a three part series, Coll and Glasser examine al Qaeda's innovative use of the Internet for training, ideological, recruitment, operational, and other purposes.
  • Craig Whitlock. "Briton Used Internet as His Bully Pulpit," Washington Post, August 8, 2005. Whitlock reports on how Babar Ahmad, a British citizen and computer savvy mechanical engineer of Pakistani descent now jailed in a British prison, uses his website, to spread ideas and fight extradition to the United States.
  • Susan B. Glasser and Steve Coll. "The Web as Weapon," The Washington Post, August 9, 2005. Glasser and Coll conclude the Post's series with reporting on Abu Musab Zarqawi's integration of electronic jihad on the Internet with real-time war on the ground in Iraq.
  • David S. Jackson, Kenneth Tomlinson, Richard Richter, Philomena Jury. "His Master's Voice," Foreign Affairs, July/August. Letters from three current U.S. government broadcasting executives and former VOA broadcaster Jury respond to former VOA Director Sanford Ungar's critique of U.S. broadcasting ("Pitch Imperfect," Foreign Affairs, May/June, 2005, pp. 7-13). Ungar replies. Full text of letters online.
  • Stephen Johnson, Helle C. Dale, and Patrick Cronin. Strengthening U.S. Public Diplomacy Requires Organization, Coordination, and Strategy, The Heritage Foundation, Backgrounder No. 1875, August 5, 2005. The authors suggest the U.S. needs more than a new Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy. Recommendations include giving additional resources and authority to the Under Secretary, streamlined management of U.S. international broadcasting, integration and coordination within the National Security Council, an independent foreign polling center, creation of a public diplomacy doctrine and global strategy, and abolishing "domestic access limits" on public diplomacy products.
  • Joshua Kurlantzick. "Cultural Revolution: How China is Changing Global Diplomacy," The New Republic, June 27, 2005, pp. 16-21. TNR's foreign editor looks at China's projection of soft power in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. As China's influence has grown, U.S. leverage is handicapped by a reduced diplomatic presence, restrictions on student visas, prisoner abuse scandals at Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib, and perceptions of America's "obsession" with terrorism. Kurlantzick offers as an example "a small 'American corner' where Thais could read English language books about the United States." What happened to the former American consulate in southern Thailand? It's now the Chinese consulate.
  • Robert S. Leiken. "Europe's Angry Muslims," Foreign Affairs, July/August 2005, pp. 120-135. Leiken (Nixon Center and Brookings Institution) profiles growing jihadism among western European nationals, examines implications for liberalism and counter-terrorism, and discusses methods to achieve more vigilant border security without ending the Visa Waiver Program.

Beyond Goldwater-Nichols: U.S. Government and Defense Reform for a New Strategic Era - Phase 2 Report], Center for Strategic and International Studies, July 2005. A CSIS national security study team addresses ways to create a more integrated and effective national security structure. Key recommendations: recast the National Security Council's role to greater "involvement in ensuring that Presidential intent is realized through USG action," codify a standard approach to interagency planning, establish a Quadrennial National Security Review analogous to the Quadrennial Defense Review, put operational capabilities in U.S. agencies other than Defense, and modernize professional military education.

  • Edward R. Murrow Center for the Study and Advancement of Public Diplomacy. The Murrow Center, located at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, has created a website. Established in 1965 and active until the early 1990s, the Center is a memorial to Murrow's career as a journalist and director of the U.S. Information Agency. The Center houses Murrow's library and papers and awards Murrow Fellowships to mid-career professionals who engage in research at Fletcher on topics "ranging from the impact of the 'new world information order' debate in the international media during the 1970's and 1980's to, currently, telecommunications policies and regulation." (Courtesy of Josh Fouts)
  • NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, Online Terrorism, August 2, 2005. Jeffrey Brown discusses the Internet as a tool for terrorists and focus of intelligence agencies with Rebecca Givner-Forbes of the Terrorism Research Center and Michael Vatis former director of the Justice Department's National Infrastructure Protection Center.
  • Pew Global Attitudes Project, U.S. Image Up Slightly, But Still Negative American Character Gets Mixed Reviews, June 23, 2005. The Project's latest findings: "Anti-Americanism in Europe, the Middle East and Asia, which surged as a result of the U.S. war in Iraq, shows modest signs of abating. But the United States remains broadly disliked in most countries surveyed, and the opinion of the American people is not as positive as it once was . . . President George W. Bush's calls for greater democracy in the Middle East and U.S. aid for tsunami victims in Asia have been well-received in many countries, but only in Indonesia, India and Russia has there been significant improvement in overall opinions of the U.S."
  • Janet Steele, [ Wars Within: The Story of an Independent Magazine in Soeharto's Indonesia, Equinox Publishing, 2005. This book examines the 23-year history of Indonesia's most important news weekly, Tempo magazine, its influence on Indonesian intellectual and cultural life, and its internal dynamics as a news organization prior to its being banned in 1994. Professor Steel is on the faculty of George Washington University's School of Media and Public Affairs, a Fulbright Scholar, and a frequent visitor to Jakarta.

"Indonesian Media and the Freedom of Expression,"] Thursday, September 8, 2:00 - 6:30 p.m, a conference hosted at GWU's Jack Morton Auditorium by the The United States-Indonesia Society in cooperation with the School of Media and Public Affairs and Asia Society Washington Center. Wars Within book launch and reception to follow. Speakers, panelists, details, and registration [ online].

  • U.S. Institute of Peace, Arab Media: Tools of the Governments; Tools for the People? Virtual Diplomacy Initiative, Released online, August 2005. USIP's new Virtual Diplomacy publication analyzes the role of Arab media in shaping the information environment that encourages popular hostility toward the West, particularly the United States. The study is based on a six-month workshop series co-chaired by USIP Senior Fellow Mamoun Fandy and Sheryl Brown, Director of the Virtual Diplomacy Initiative. The series examined the primary media sources of information, perceptions, and opinions among Arab populations.
  • [ U.S. Institute of Peace, U.S.-Pakistan Engagement: The War on Terrorism and Beyond, Special Report 145, August 2005. This new USIP report, written by Touquir Hussain, looks broadly at the history and current state of U.S.-Pakistan relations in the context of America's evolving strategic relationship with South Asia, democracy in the Muslim world, and the dual problems of religious extremism and nuclear proliferation. The author is a USIP senior fellow and former Pakistani ambassador to Japan, Spain, and Brazil.
  • Jonathan Zittrain and John G. Palfrey, Jr. Internet Filtering in China in 2004-2005: A Country Study. Investigators sponsored by the OpenNet Initiative conclude "China operates the most extensive, technologically sophisticated, and broad-reaching system of Internet filtering in the world." The study examines multiple levels of legal regulation and technical control including Web pages, Web logs, on-line discussion forums, university bulletin board systems, and e-mail messages. It is part of a larger collaborative project of the University of Toronto, Harvard Law School's Berkman Center for Internet and Society, and the University of Cambridge.
  • Jonathan Zittrain and Benjamin Edelman. Empirical Analysis of Internet Filtering in China, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard Law School. The authors provide data on the "methods, scope, and depth of selective barriers to Internet access through Chinese networks." Blocked are a wide range of sites from to George Washington University's web site to the State Web Site of Mississippi. A number of U.S. government sites are blocked including DefenseLink and Voice of America. The State Department's public diplomacy website is not listed.

Bruce Gregory's Reading List Educational Recources

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