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France 24

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OverviewEdit

France 24 is a 24-hour multilingual international news network launched in December 2006. The Iraq War provided a major motivating factor for the creation of the channel. During the lead up to the War in Fall of 2002, members of the government were concerned that the French position against the war was not clearly articulated on existing French Networks. France 24 was conceived of as an alternative French voice to BBC and CNN. France 24 is available in French, English, and now in Arabic. Its annual budget for 2007 is $115 million.

HistoryEdit

Jacques Chirac made the first calls for an international news channel when he was French Prime Minister in 1987. While no action was taken, there were some proposals to unite several smaller broadcasting efforts into a larger umbrella body. In 1997, Jean Paul Cluzel, head of Radio France International advocated the creation of Téléfi, a super-network that would have fused all French international broadcastings into one body. However, it was not until 2002, when Chirac was strongly at odds with the United States and Great Britain about the war in Iraq, that serious moves were made. In a speech in February 2002, President Chirac expressed his concerns:

"Is it understandable that year after year, we keep deploring the persisting lack of French-speaking information and television programs on the world stage? (…) Everyone notices that we are still far from having a large international news network in French, able to compete with the BBC and CNN. Recent crises have shown how crippled a country and a cultural area are when they do not have a sufficient weight on the battle of images and waves."[1]

Responding to Chirac's requests, Parliament made several inquiries into the new station and released several reports (see useful links for the reports); but the final launch was delayed over negotiations about the network structure. The European Union gave the green light for the creation of the network in June 2005. The original name was “CFII,” but was changed to “France 24” in June 2006 because it was considered much easier to pronounce by foreign audiences.

StructureEdit

France 24 employs 170 journalists representing 28 nationalities. Every journalist must be bilingual in French and a second language. They are also required to sign "a code of ethics" in which they pledge to promote: a "diversity of opinions and points of view," "a sense of debate, confrontation, and contradiction,” and "the culture and the art of living a la Francaise."[2]

The network is co-owned by commercial national network TF1 and state-owned France Télévisions. The station broadcasts across Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Washington; with plans to expand throughout America and Asia within two years. Its main headquarters are in New York.

The contents of F24's French and English programs are similar. France 24 launched an Arabic version on April 2, 2007. For now, Arabic transmissions are limited to four hours a day from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. However, the station promises to extend its Arabic programing to twelve hours daily by the beginning of 2008. France 24 is available in French, English, and now in Arabic; and has plans to launch a Spanish version in 2008.

GoalsEdit

France 24 launched its English language service amidst a crowded playing field of existing international news networks, including Al Jazeera English, Press TV and CITVC. France 24's President, Alain de Pouzilhac, who is a former advertisement company CEO, is however "confident about France 24’s singularity" [3]: “We will be different,because the values that we defend contrast with those of the Anglo-Saxons.” He also spoke about presenting the news “with a French perspective” without clarifying what that means. It still remains uncertain what distinguishes France 24, but he clearly positions France 24 as an alternative to CNN.” “CNN is a unified perspective of the world from Washington,” he argues, “whereas France 24 tries to have a diversified perspective that is to say to recognize diversity of cultures and religions: that’s the French eye.”[4]

Marc Owen, a British anchor for France 24 offers a similar input, explaining that the goal of the network is not to broadcast slanted news, but to be "alive to the influence France has in the world and illuminate stories by weaving some of that in to our coverage."[5]

The network holds the same position in regards to Al Jazeera, pointing out the positive aspect France 24 can have on Arab-speaking viewers:

"Al-Jazeera has done a great job, but essentially it’s offering the Arabic perspective. We need something more. The role of France could be a special one thanks to its strong relationship with the Arab world in the last few decades, and because we weren’t involved in the Iraq war."[6]

French scholar Bernard Cabedoche offered a thoughtful reflection on the positioning of France 24:

"France prefers the Kantian idea of perpetual peace organized by the discussion and the bylaw between international actors. The country rejects the promotion of one actor, auto-proclaimed the gendarme of the humanity to prevent the anarchy of the world described by Hobbes. However, the use of civilization remains pregnant in its public discourse, with all its most normative aspects: conquering (civilization and progress are intertwined); embodied (the West is The Civilization); proselyte (a duty of civilization falls upon it.)"[7]

According to Lawrence Pintak, director of the Adham Center for Electronic Journalism at the American University in Cairo, it is a question of influence. "Media is about power and influence," he says, "and if you’re going to be a player in the world today, you have to have a television channel. "[8]

Alain de Pouzilhac, in an interview given a few months prior to the launching, explains the channel's political goals:

"France 24 targets opinion makers all around the world, whether they are women and men working in politics, in media, in economics, in international organizations or in universities."[9]

According to Pouzilhac, the Channel "also targets those I call ‘the new opinion makers.’ They represent 25 to 30 percent of the world population. They are fond of international news and use the new technologies to spread their opinions to one community.”[10]

France 24 has also been eager to appeal to Internet-users and bloggers. During the French presidential election it created a website called The Observer [11] so that selected Internet-users from all over the world could give their opinion on the election and interact with one another. The enterprise seemed to have been successful, as France 24 has plans to replicate the initiative for important subsequent events.

ReceptionEdit

France 24 is available by satellite, cable, and high-speed Internet connection. To avoid competition with TV5 Monde, another public French-language international network, France 24's status is prohibited by law to take any action that could destabilize TV5's in areas where that network is available.

ImpactEdit

No data is yet available on global viewing rates, but a study released data about France 24’s website reports that the 1.2 million visitors visited the website during the first month of operation [12]. And a TNS/Sofres poll conducted during the network's first month found that between 20-40% of opinion makers in France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Senegal, and Algeria had watched France 24 at least once [13].

TNS/Sofres conducted a poll in Algeria[14] that found that in the three weeks following the France 24 Arabic's launch, 51 percent of Algerian opinion makers had watched France 24 at least once— it amounted to 34 percent in the previous survey, but at that time, it was only available in French.

Programming Edit

All channels (* means both English and French channels have the same name)

  • News (Le Journal + نشرة الأخبار): A comprehensive update on the latest world news every 30 minutes ;
  • Weather (Météo +طقس): World weather report every 30 minutes ;
  • The Observers (Les Observateurs + مراقبون): Videos and photos from viewers check by F24 staff in Paris ;
  • Europe Now (L'Europe dans tous ses Étas + أوروبا اليوم): Go to 1 of 28 EU member states for exclusive reports and interviews with local MEPs ;
  • France in Focus (7 Jours en France + 24 ساعة في فرنسا): In-depth look in political and social events shaping France ;
  • Reporters* (مراسلون): In-depth reports by reporters and correspondents worldwide ;
  • #TECH24* (تكنوفيليا#): The week's key technology news ;
  • The 51% (Actuelles + هي الحدث): Meet women who are reshaping our world ;
  • Eye on Africa (Le Journal de L'Afrique + النشرة األفريقية): All the news from Africa and Maghreb, with F24's guests and correspondents on set ;
  • Revisited (Billet Retour + تذكرة عودة): Life after the headlines ;
  • Down to Earth (Élément Terre + على هذه األرض): Sustainable solutions for our changing world ;
  • The Debate (Le Débat + النقاش): Live debate at the day's topic with 4 guests ;
  • The World this Week (Une Semaine dans le Monde + أسبوع في العالم): In-depth look at the week's international news ;
  • Face-Off (Face-à-Face + حوار): Live debate for the latest French political developments with 2 Paris-based correspondents ;
  • Encore! (À L'Affiche ! + ثقافة): Find out how writers and artists see the world ;
  • The Business Interview (L'Invité de L'Éco + ضيف الاقتصاد): Key business leaders are put on the spot ;
  • You are Here (Vous êtes Ici + أنتم هنا): Meet the people who keep French heritage alive ;
  • Fashion (Mode + موضة): All the best in Parisian catwalks ;
  • In the Papers (Revue de Presse + قراءة في الفرنسية): Overview of the newspaper headlines, also debates and day's stories live from the newsroom ;
  • The Observers Direct (Ligne Directe + خط مفتوح مراقبون): Meet F24 observers and hear the stories they have alerted ;
  • The Interview (L'Entretien + ضيف ومسيرة): Interviews with a French or international personality from the world of economics, politics, culture or diplomacy ;
  • Live from Paris (Paris Direct + باريس مباشر): A live news segment with headlines every 15 mins, also business, sports, press reviews,...

Only on French and English channels

  • Middle East Matters (Express Orient): The week's news in the Middle East ;
  • Inside the Americas (Cap Amériques): All the news in North and South America ;
  • Talking Europe (Ici L'Europe): Live debate for issues facing the EU ;
  • Focus: An exclusive report from a F24's correspondent ;
  • Mediawatch (Un Œil sur les Médias): Must-read stories from the Internet.

Only on English channel

  • Across Africa: Political and social events in Africa ;
  • Access Asia: Political and social events in Asia ;
  • French Connections: Guide to understand France ;
  • People and Profit: In-depth looks at major business stories and how they impact our lives ;
  • Beyond Business: Business landscapes in France and the world ;
  • My Two Cents: Douglas Herbert gives his take on the daily headlines.

Only on French channel

  • Demain à la Une: Correspondents in all F24 channels take a live debate for the week's news ;
  • Le Paris des Arts: Find out how artists see the world ;
  • Le Duel de L'Éco: 2 economists take a live debate for the week's business news ;
  • Le Gros mot de L'Éco: Explain several economic words like "Bitcoin", "CAC 40",... ;
  • L'Entretien de L'Intelligence Économique: Interview with actors in economical competition ;
  • La Semaine de L'Éco: Descriptions of the week's business news by specialists.

Only on Arabic channel (in brackets is English meaning)

  • رياضة 24 (Sport 24): All the sports news and analysis in Europe and Maghreb ;
  • حديث العواصم (The Capital City Debate): Live debate on key national and international issues in politics in a major Arab capital city ;
  • الساعة المغاربية (The Maghreb Hour): All the news in Maghreb in 60 minutes ;
  • صحة (Health): Up-to-date health and disaster information ;
  • ضيف اليوم (Today's Guest): Addressing an important event that affect politics, also series of questions to clear image of fast-moving events that are happening around us ;
  • باريس - تونس (Tunis - Paris): Visiting a Tunisian capital city and features most important events in this city ;
  • وقف مع الحدث (Pause with Event): Dimensions for an event that happened in the news ;
  • أسرار باريس (Secrets of Paris): Discover hidden and mysterious places in "the most beautiful city in the world" (once-monthly) ;
  • في فلك الممنوع (The Society Debate): Live debate for social issues in the Arab world ;
  • منتدى الصحافة (Press Forum): The press and media coverage of a world event with Arab reporters worldwide.

Schedule Edit

Before, 3 channels of France 24 were cut-and-paste copies of each other. But since 12/2013, they have broadcast different shows, different orders and different program schedules. Here's the current schedule:

English channel Edit

Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
00H00 News bulletin
Sports The Debate The World this Week Sports + You are Here
00H30 News bulletin News bulletin
Across Africa France in Focus
01H00 News bulletin
Sports Focus + Sports Sports + The Observers
01H30 News bulletin
Access Asia Encore! The Interview
02H00 News bulletin
Reporters Access Asia Middle East Matters Inside the Americas People and Profit France in Focus Across Africa
02H30 News bulletin
People and Profit + You are Here Eye on Africa The 51%
03H00 News bulletin
Revisited The Debate The World this Week Reporters
03H30 News bulletin News bulletin
Encore! + Fashion Encore! + You are Here
04H00 News bulletin
Talking Europe 1/2 The 51% The Observers + You are Here Reporters #TECH24 Revisited People and Profit
04H30 News bulletin
Talking Europe 2/2 France in Focus Middle East Matters Inside the Americas Access Asia Sports + France in Focus The Interview
05H00 News bulletin
Across Africa Eye on Africa Revisited
05H30 News bulletin
People and Profit Access Asia Face-Off The Interview People and Profit The 51% Access Asia + Fashion
06H00 Live from Paris News bulletin
Sports + French Connections Sports + You are Here
06H30 News bulletin
Across Africa #TECH24
07H00 News bulletin
Sports + You are Here Sports + French Connections
07H30 News bulletin
The Interview France in Focus
08H00 News bulletin
Sports + Encore!
08H30 News bulletin
Revisited Across Africa + The Observers
09H00 News bulletin
Sports + French Connections Sports + Fashion
09H30 News bulletin
People and Profit The 51%
10H00 News bulletin
People and Profit The 51% #TECH24 Middle East Matters + The Observers You are Here + Fashion The Observers + You are Here Reporters
10H30 News bulletin
Sports + The Observers Sports + Fashion Sports + You are Here Sports + Access Asia Sports + French Connections The 51% The Interview + You are Here
11H00 News bulletin
France in Focus Talking Europe 1/2 Middle East Matters #TECH24 Reporters France in Focus Across Africa
11H30 News bulletin
#TECH24 Talking Europe 2/2 Face-Off The Interview People and Profit Encore!
12H00 News bulletin
Fashion + Encore! You are Here + Encore! Encore! Talking Europe 1/2 People and Profit
12H30 News bulletin
Reporters Revisited France in Focus The 51% The Observers + You are Here Talking Europe 2/2 #TECH24
13H00 Live from Paris News bulletin
Reporters The Observers + French Connections
13H30 News bulletin
Across Africa The 51%
14H00 News bulletin
#TECH24 Revisited
14H30 News bulletin
The Interview France in Focus
15H00 News bulletin
Revisited France in Focus + The Observers #TECH24 The Observers + French Connections Access Asia Revisited Reporters
15H30 News bulletin
The 51% + French Connections Reporters Face-Off The Interview People and Profit Encore! + Fashion Encore!
16H00 News bulletin
Talking Europe 1/2 Access Asia Middle East Matters Inside the Americas Revisited Access Asia Talking Europe 1/2
16H30 News bulletin
Talking Europe 2/2 Face-Off The Interview People and Profit The 51% + Fashion The Observers + French Connections Talking Europe 2/2
17H00 News bulletin
Encore! France in Focus Across Africa
17H30 News bulletin
Access Asia Middle East Matters Inside the Americas Reporters France in Focus The 51% The Interview
18H00 Live from Paris News bulletin
#TECH24 Reporters
18H30 News bulletin
Across Africa #TECH24 + French Connections
19H00 News bulletin
Sports + You are Here People and Profit
19H30 News bulletin
Encore!
20H00 News bulletin
Sports + French Connections Sports
20H30 News bulletin
The Interview The Observers + French Connections
21H00 News bulletin
Reporters Revisited
21H30 News bulletin
People and Profit + You are Here France in Focus + Fashion
22H00 News bulletin
Talking Europe 1/2 #TECH24
22H30 News bulletin
Talking Europe 2/2 The 51%
23H00 News bulletin
Sports + #TECH24 Sports
23H30 News bulletin
Revisited The Interview

French channel Edit

Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
00H00 Le Journal
Demain à la Une 1/2 Le Débat Une Semaine dans le Monde Sports + 7 Jours en France
00H30 Le Journal Le Journal
Demain à la Une 2/2 Le Paris des Arts
01H00 Le Journal
Actuelles Le Journal de L'Afrique Politique Le Journal de L'Afrique Sports + L'Entretien
01H30 Le Journal Le Journal
Reporters À L'Affiche ! À L'Affiche ! Billet Retour
02H00 Le Journal
La Semaine de L'Éco 1/2 7 Jours en France + Mode L'Entretien de L'Intelligence Économique Face-à-Face À L'Affiche ! L'Invité de L'Éco Sports + Dans les Hebdos
02H30 Le Journal
La Semaine de L'Éco 2/2 Billet Retour Express Orient Cap Amériques Reporters 7 Jours en France Les Observateurs + Vous êtes Ici
03H00 Le Journal
#TECH24 Le Débat Une Semaine dans le Monde Reporters
03H30 Le Journal Le Journal
À L'Affiche ! À L'Affiche ! + Mode
04H00 Le Journal
7 Jours en France Le Paris des Arts L'Entretien de L'Intelligence Économique Face-à-Face L'Invité de L'Éco Actuelles Demain à la Une 1/2
04H30 Le Journal
L'Entretien de L'Intelligence Économique À L'Affiche ! Demain à la Une 2/2
05H00 Le Journal
Billet Retour Les Observateurs + Le Gros mot de L'Éco Express Orient Cap Amériques Actuelles 7 Jours en France Dans les Hebdos
05H30 Le Journal
Le Paris des Arts Le Journal de L'Afrique L'Entretien
06H00 Paris Direct Le Journal
Sports + Dans les Hebdos Sports + Le Gros mot de L'Éco
06H30 Le Journal
#TECH24 Les Observateurs + Vous êtes Ici
07H00 Le Journal
Sports + Le Gros mot de L'Éco Sports
07H30 Le Journal
L'Entretien L'Invité de L'Éco
08H00 Le Journal
Sports + Vous êtes Ici Sports + Mode
08H30 Le Journal
À L'Affiche !
09H00 Le Journal
Les Observateurs + Le Gros mot de L'Éco Ici L'Europe 1/2
09H30 News bulletin
People and Profit Ici L'Europe 2/2
10H00 Le Journal
Billet Retour Actuelles #TECH24 Reporters Les Observateurs + Vous êtes Ici Demain à la Une 1/2 7 Jours en France
10H30 Le Journal
Sports + 7 Jours en France Sports Sports + Vous êtes Ici Sports + Le Gros mot de L'Éco Sports + Mode Demain à la Une 2/2 #TECH24
11H00 Le Journal
Ici L'Europe 1/2 Les Observateurs + Le Gros mot de L'Éco Billet Retour 7 Jours en France #TECH24 Billet Retour Reporters
11H30 Le Journal
Ici L'Europe 2/2 #TECH24 Mode + Face-à-Face L'Entretien de L'Intelligence Économique Dans les Hebdos 7 Jours en France + Mode Le Paris des Arts
12H00 Le Journal
Mode + À L'Affiche ! À L'Affiche ! Vous êtes Ici + À L'Affiche ! Ici L'Europe 1/2 La Semaine de L'Éco 1/2
12H30 Le Journal
Reporters 7 Jours en France Express Orient Cap Amériques Le Paris des Arts Ici L'Europe 2/2 La Semaine de L'Éco 2/2
13H00 Paris Direct Le Journal
Les Observateurs + Dans les Hebdos Vous êtes Ici
13H30 Le Journal
Actuelles L'Entretien
14H00 Le Journal
Le Paris des Arts Demain à la Une 1/2
14H30 Le Journal
L'Invité de L'Éco Demain à la Une 2/2
15H00 Le Journal
#TECH24 Billet Retour Le Paris des Arts Les Observateurs + Vous êtes Ici La Semaine de L'Éco 1/2 #TECH24 Les Observateurs + Dans les Hebdos
15H30 Le Journal
L'Entretien 7 Jours en France + Mode Express Orient Cap Amériques La Semaine de L'Éco 2/2 À L'Affiche !
16H00 Le Journal
Vous êtes Ici Reporters Les Observateurs + Le Gros mot de L'Éco À L'Affiche ! Actuelles La Semaine de L'Éco 1/2 Ici L'Europe 1/2
16H30 Le Journal
Actuelles L'Entretien de L'Intelligence Économique Face-à-Face L'Invité de L'Éco Le Gros mot de L'Éco + Dans les Hebdos La Semaine de L'Éco 2/2 Ici L'Europe 2/2
17H00 Le Journal
À L'Affiche ! + Mode À L'Affiche ! Politique À L'Affiche ! Billet Retour Reporters
17H30 Le Journal Le Journal
Le Paris des Arts Express Orient Cap Amériques 7 Jours en France L'Entretien Actuelles
18H00 Paris Direct Le Journal
Demain à la Une 1/2 #TECH24
18H30 Le Journal
Demain à la Une 2/2 L'Invité de L'Éco
19H00 Le Journal
Sports + Vous êtes Ici Les Observateurs
19H30 Le Journal
À L'Affiche !
20H00 Le Journal
Ici L'Europe 1/2 Sports
20H30 Le Journal
Ici L'Europe 2/2 7 Jours en France
21H00 Le Journal
Reporters Billet Retour
21H30 Le Journal
Actuelles + Mode Le Paris des Arts
22H00 Le Journal
#TECH24 Les Observateurs + Le Gros mot de L'Éco
22H30 Le Journal
À L'Affiche !
23H00 Le Journal
La Semaine de L'Éco 1/2 Sports
23H30 Le Journal
La Semaine de L'Éco 2/2 L'Entretien

ReformEdit

France 24 is at the core of a political debate regarding reform of French international broadcasting system. "A parliamentary report"[15] released in October 2006 stressed the necessity of reorganizing French international broadcasting. In late April, in a joint op-ed to the daily Le Figaro, a few right-wing representatives urged changes, claiming that "the international broadcasting evidently suffers from a lack of political and administration management,"[16] they wrote. They also advocated the creation of a Public Interest Group (Groupement d’Interet Public) that would act similarly to the Broadcasting Board of Governors.

In January 2007, "a new parliamentary report"[17] advocated the fusion of France 24 with Radio France Internationale (RFI) to create a new powerful international broadcasting medium. Alain de Pouzilhac remains opposed to the idea. He considers an increased integration of TV and the Internet as the new model. He characterizes the radio/TV paradigm as "an outdated fifty-year old model." [18]

However, Antoine Schwarz, the head of RFI supports the idea: "Alain de Pouzilhac considers the interaction between the Internet and the old media to be essential. He is right. But this new medium, we can develop it together. There is no good reason to have competing websites."[19]

Further ReadingsEdit

Useful LinksEdit

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