Public Diplomacy

Citation Guidelines

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Getting Started

The Public Diplomacy Wiki is governed by a strict citation policy. All posted information must be cited. There are two simple guidelines to follow. First, cite often. Second, when in doubt, cite. If you are unsure of when it is appropriate to cite, please refer to the following: Princeton's University's Guide to Citing Sources [1] and Dartmouth College's Guide to Citing Sources [2]

How to Cite

Citations should be written according to the Chicago Manuel of Style, 15 addition [3]. For more information and sample citations please visit The Chicago Manuel of Style Online [4] or Diane Hacker's Research and Documentation Online [5]. Below are some examples of citations for resources seen on this wiki.

A book should be cited as follows:

Dizard, Wilson P. Jr, Inventing Public Diplomacy: The Story of the U.S. Information Agency (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers), 2004.

An article from a journal should be cited as follows:

Ross, Christopher, "Public Diplomacy Comes of Age," The Washington Quarterly 25.2 (2002): 75-83.

An article from a website should be cited as follows:

Brahm, Eric, "Public Diplomacy", Beyond Intractability, Ed. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. August 2006,

Things to Avoid

  • Plagiarism.

Refer to both Princeton and Dartmouth's Guides to citing from the Getting Started Section. For additional information, please visit Northwestern University's Academic Conduct Committee's Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism [6]

  • Incomplete URLs.

The Public Diplomacy Wiki is a resource for academics, scholars and practitioners of public diplomacy. A common mistake is to provide an incomplete URL in a citation. Cites must include full URLs, not merely a link to a homepage. If a website is time sensitive, add the date you accessed the website. For example, (Accessed June 4, 2008).

  • Failure to Include Page Numbers

Page numbers for books and articles in published journals are necessary for full citations. This includes material that is paraphrased or summarized.

  • Misuse of Copyrighted Material.

Any information posted must have the consent of the author. Failure to do so will result in deletion of material from the Wiki.

  • Deleting A Previously Added Cite

Information, especially numerical data, is subject to change. If that is the case, do not delete the previous information. Rather, add to the section by providing new information. Provide a date for the new information (and add a date to the old information if necessary). Updating through addition allows for easier comparisons to be made.

Further Reading

Much of the information listed above is adopted from community norms developed on both Wikipedia and Sourcewatch [7].

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