Algeria's Public Diplomacy Efforts
Algeria is an Islamic nation in the northwestern region of Africa. Colonized by the French in the 1830’s, Algeria has a strong French influence combined with its Muslim culture. In the 1954 the Algerian War of Independence marked the overthrowing of French colonists by pro-Algeria supporters, led by the FLN (Front de Libération Nationale). The bloody war consisted of many terrorist attacks carried out by the FLN and questionable military practices by the French army. With the decolonization of Algeria, however, there was little political stability over the next 50 years. In 1991, the one-party system had ended, though the future election would be contested, leading to the Algerian Civil War, which continued until early 2002.
Main issues in Algeria include: response to terrorists, language divisions, political corruption, and the ongoing land dispute with Morocco over the Western Sahara. On 15 June 2006, 25 Algerian radicals were convicted of planning a gas attack at the Eiffel Tower. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA), a prominent Muslim terrorist group, is based in Algeria.
The dispute between Algeria and Morocco over claim to Western Sahara has existed since the Spanish withdrawal of the territory in 1976. Since that point, there have been sporadic conflicts in the territory, leading to the UN-led ceasefire in 1991. It is still an ongoing dispute with neither country recognizing the other’s claim to the area.
- Capital - Algiers
- Population - 32,930,091(July 2006 est.)
- Government – Republic
- President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
- Algerian Presidential Site(In French and Arabic)