Albania, one of the Balkan countries, has been in a period of transition since the fall of communism in the late 1980’s. Under communist rule, Albania had alienated itself from not only western states, but even communist states, including the Soviet Union. First Secretary of the Albanian Party of Labour, Enver Hoxha, ruled Albania for four decades after World War II. Under Hoxha, Albania remained predominatly an agrarian state without freedoms of press and, particularly, religion. Islam is the majority religion in Albania, and along with Turkey, are two of the few countries in Europe where this is the case.
After Hoxha’s death in 1985, socialist power in Albania began to slowly dwindle, leading to the end of the one-party system in 1990 to the defeat of the Socialist party in 1992. This, however, did not lead to a sudden shift in Albanian politics. Albania has been continuously dealing with election fraud and political corruption. Though, within the past ten years, Albania has worked towards increasing its diplomatic efforts. It is currently a potential candidate for European Union membership, it is a current member of NATO, and during the conflict in Kosovo in 1997, Albania helped accept thousands of refugees from the region.
Government Agencies Responsible for PD
- Albanian Parliament
- Albanian Presidency
- Albanian Department of Information
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Important Public Diplomacy Legislation
- Capital - Tirana
- Population - 3,581,655 (July 2006 est.)
- Government – Emerging Democracy
- President of the Republic Alfred Moisiu
- Prime Minister Sali Barisha